5.86

s20.973

(a) What is the level of significance? 

State the null and alternate hypotheses.

Ho: σ12 = σ22; H1: σ12 > σ22

Ho: σ12 > σ22; H1: σ12 = σ22    

Ho: σ22 = σ12; H1: σ22 > σ12

Ho: σ12 = σ22; H1: σ12 ≠ σ22

(b) Find the value of the sample F statistic. (Use 2 decimal places.) 

What are the degrees of freedom?dfNdfDWhat assumptions are you making about the original distribution?

The populations follow independent chi-square distributions. We have random samples from each population.

The populations follow independent normal distributions. We have random samples from each population.    

The populations follow dependent normal distributions. We have random samples from each population.

The populations follow independent normal distributions.

(c) Find or estimate the P-value of the sample test statistic. (Use 4 decimal places.) 

p-value > 0.200

0.100 < p-value < 0.200    

0.050 < p-value < 0.100

0.020 < p-value < 0.050

0.002 < p-value < 0.020

p-value < 0.002

(d) Based on your answers in parts (a) to (c), will you reject or fail to reject the null hypothesis?

At the α = 0.05 level, we reject the null hypothesis and conclude the data are not statistically significant.

At the α = 0.05 level, we reject the null hypothesis and conclude the data are statistically significant.    

At the α = 0.05 level, we fail to reject the null hypothesis and conclude the data are not statistically significant.

At the α = 0.05 level, we fail to reject the null hypothesis and conclude the data are statistically significant.

(e) Interpret your conclusion in the context of the application.

Fail to reject the null hypothesis, there is sufficient evidence that the variance in annual wheat production differs between the two plots.

Reject the null hypothesis, there is insufficient evidence that the variance in annual wheat production differs between the two plots.    

Reject the null hypothesis, there is sufficient evidence that the variance in annual wheat production differs between the two plots.

Fail to reject the null hypothesis, there is insufficient evidence that the variance in annual wheat production differs between the two plots.