Instructions for Candidates
• Please read the 2 articles assigned to you on the LMS and answer the questions below.
• Use the articles, additional research, theory and concepts from the subject in your
answers. Please refer to the subject reading list to assist in finding scholarly references.
• Please reference your sources using the LTU Harvard style, both in-text and in a reference
list at the end.
• This exam is marked out of 40 and worth 40% of your total marks for the subject.
• Word limit 1500 words. The specific word limit for each of the questions is listed next to
the question.
• Please ensure you include your student name and student ID on the paper and file name.
• Please submit through the Turnitin Submission Link provided on the LMS before the due
• Additional submission instructions are provided under the Turnitin link on the LMS.
• Answer BOTH questions in PART A of the Exam and TWO out of FOUR questions in PART
Answer BOTH questions in this part. Please make sure you label the
question numbers clearly in your answer.
1. Identify and discuss at least three barriers and three enablers for sustainable
innovation identified by the three CEOs in the Bhattacharya (2020) article. (500
Tip: Use the barriers and enablers identified by Nasiri, Tura and , N. and Ojanen (2017)
article from your Topic 10 readings.
13 Marks
2. Businesses should only focus on making profits for their shareholders. Do you agree
with this statement? Discuss in relation to the M-Pesa case and theory from the
subject. (500 Words)
13 Marks
Answer TWO questions in this part out of the four. Please make sure
you label the question numbers clearly in your answer.
1. Is M-Pesa an example of a ‘sustainable innovation’? Use the three characteristics of
a sustainable innovation to explain your answer. (250 Words)
7 Marks
2. Which Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is M-Pesa addressing and how? (250
7 Marks
3. Summarise the key lessons related to leadership for sustainability from the
Bhattacharya (2020) article. Link each lesson to at least one concept covered in this
subject. (250 Words)
Tip: You can use bullet points to answer this question.
7 Marks
4. What is systems thinking? Use examples given by the CEOs from the Bhattacharya
(2020) article to illustrate your understanding (250 Words)

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