awr 160 w wmdterrorism awareness for emergency responders 2 essay

Title 18 United States Code (USC) § 2331 defines domestic terrorism in part as “…appear to be intended to intimidate or coerce a civilian population; to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping; and occur primarily”:
Within the territorial jurisdiction of the United States
Which of the following actions is potentially part of executing an attack?

Theft of employee ID cards
An attempt to gain access to restricted areas
Leaving an unattended vehicle in close proximity to a potential target
All of the above

All of the above
There are many challenges to identifying potential terrorist activities. Which of the following is critical to meeting that challenge?
Gathering target intelligence
Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources (CIKR) are potential terrorist targets. CIKR might include:

All telecommunications towers

Electrical power generation and transmission facilities

Amusement parks

Sewage treatment plants

All of the above
All of the above
CIKR are potential targets for criminal or terrorists using hazardous materials. The initials CIKR stand for Critical Infrastructure and Key ____________:
Resources
What is the primary consideration when encountering a hazardous material or Weapon of Mass Destruction (WMD) release?
Recognize the hazard/threat
When an incident is suspected of involving criminal or terrorist activity, awareness-level personnel/responders already on the scene of an incident should be able to recognize the presence of hazardous materials and do all of the following except:
Neutralize the hazard
The RAIN concept is used by individuals to quickly gather and process information and to synthesize the information in order to facilitate life safety actions at an incident. The letter “R” in RAIN stands for:
Recognize
The acronym RAIN represents several action steps to help responders at a Hazardous Material/Weapons of Mass Destruction (HazMat/WMD) incident. What are these action steps?
Recognize, Avoid, Isolate, and Notify
What does the acronym CBRNE stand for?
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosive
Radioactive materials are in which Department of Transportation (DOT) hazard class?
Class 7
How many hazard classes does the Department of Transportation (DOT) list?
9
The seven basic clues for recognizing a Hazardous Materials (HazMat) incident are potential sources, container shapes, marking and colors, labels and placards, shipping papers and facility documents, monitoring and detection equipment, and:
Senses
Protective actions are “those steps taken to safeguard the health and safety of emergency responders and the public during an incident involving releases of dangerous goods” (DOT 2012, pg. 288). Protective actions are listed in the green- and ____________ -bordered pages of the Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG).
Orange
When responding to an incident, awareness-level personnel should resist rushing onto the scene. Use your Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG) and take the next three steps: Step 1: Identify the material (yellow or blue section); Step 2: Identify the 3-digit guide number; Step 3: Locate response actions within the _______ pages.
On the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 704 fixed facility markings, the instability/reactivity hazard appears on the right side of the diamond and are what color?
Yellow
Labels are applied to individual Hazardous Materials (HazMat) packages. They are approximately a:
4-inch diamond
Placards are diamond-shaped markings that appear on both ends and each side of a container. They are approximately a:
10-inch diamond
Shipping papers used during rail transportation of a hazardous material are called a:
Consist or waybill
Shipping papers are required for all hazardous material shipments.
True
The shipping paper found in air transportation is called a(n):
Air bill
Recommended initial isolation and protective action zones are represented graphically by using geometric shapes. What is the shape of the initial isolation zone?
Circle
Which are the correct three methods for determining the appropriate guide pages in the Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG)?
United Nations/North American (UN/NA) Identification (ID) number, the name of the material, or a placard
Referring to the Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG), what is the United Nations Identification (UN ID) number for the chemical agent lewisite?
2810
According to the Table of Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances, a spill from many small packages would be classified as a:
Large spill
In what physical form are blister agents normally disseminated?
Liquid
Chemical agents have four routes of entry into the body. They are inhalation, ingestion, absorption, and:
Injection
There are four types of Chemical Warfare Agents (CWA). Of the four, which agent primarily attacks the lung tissue?
Choking agent
What Chemical Warfare Agent (CWA) primarily attacks the airway and lungs, causing irritation of the entire airway from the nose to the lungs resulting in what is commonly known as dry-land drowning?
Choking agent
Disadvantages of using chemical agents for terrorist activities include all of the following except:
Difficult to acquire
Which of the following locations that use chemicals are commonly found in many communities?

Warehouses
Fuel tank farms
Hospitals
All of the above
Feedback

The correct answer is: All of the above
TRACEM-P outlines potential hazards and mechanisms of injury at a Hazardous Materials (HazMat) incident. The letter “T” stands for:
Thermal
Indicators of a possible Chemical Warfare Agent (CWA) attack include all of the following except:
Numerous terrorists
To prevent the spread of chemical agents, individuals should use control zones at a Hazardous Materials (HazMat) incident based on safety and the degree of hazard. The control zones are:
The correct answer is: Hot zone, warm zone, and cold zone
Of the different routes of entry, what is the most deadly route for anthrax?
Inhalation
What type of biological agent is anthrax?
Bacteria
Viruses are a type of biological agent that needs a host to replicate and spread. An example of this biological agent is:
Smallpox
The disadvantages of using biological agents include all of the following except:
Day or night
The advantages of using biological agents include:

Select one:
Availability
Difficulty of detection
Ease of spreading
All of the above

All of the above
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has three categories of biological agents. Of these categories, which one is considered the highest priority that could cause the highest risk to the public and national security?
Category A
A local community has multiple occupancies and locations for biological agents. Some examples include all of the following except:
Libraries
Abandoned spray devices and unscheduled and unusual spraying activities are potential indicators of a possible biological incident.
True
Of the different types of radiation, which can travel hundreds of meters in open air and can penetrate most materials?
Gamma particles
Acute Radiation Syndrome (ARS) is also known as radiation paleness.
False
An atom is the smallest particle of an element that can exist either alone or in combination with another element. Only unstable atoms release excess energy in the form of rays and particles.
True
A Radiological Dispersal Device (RDD) is a conventional explosion that is used to spread radioactive material. This is also known as a(n):
Dirty bomb
Nuclear weapons have a low probability of use and their size may be larger than a conventional explosive device.
True
Heavy containers, delayed effects, and hazards to terrorists are disadvantages of using radiological material for terrorist activity.
True
All of the following are potential sources of radioactive material except:
Municipal swimming pools
A responder can protect himself/herself from radiation by using time as a response action. How is time used as a protective action?
The responder should limit the time near a source of radiation and leave the area as quickly as possible.
A responder can protect himself/herself from radiation by using distance as a response action. How is distance used as a protective action?
Moving away from the radiation source will reduce exposure.
Indicators of a possible radiological incident include some of the following except:
A pulsating sound
The three categories of high explosives are:
Primary, Secondary, Tertiary
Electrically initiated Improvised Explosive Devices (IED) generally consist of four components. Those components are represented by the acronym PIES, which stands for Power source, Initiator, _________, and Switch.
Explosive
Electrically initiated Improvised Explosive Devices (IED) generally consist of four components. Those components are represented by the acronym PIES, which stands for Power source, ________, Explosive, and Switch.
Initiator
According to the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), checking for additional explosive devices should include all of the following steps except:
Moving items that are in your way
Some potential sources of explosives in your community include all of the following except:
Elementary Schools
The indicators of a criminal/terrorist act involving explosives include a(n):
Theft of explosives
In regard to protective actions for explosive devices, the area where the blast originates is referred to as ___________ perimeter/isolation zone.
Hot
Trained responders will assess a post-blast site before entering the area. They will look for structural hazards such as:
Glass, concrete and steel fragments, and collapse hazards

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