Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau was elected to office on many promises, including the promise to bring electoral reform to all Canadians. A country-wide referendum on whether Canadians should change the current majoritarian (First-Past-The-Post) system in place for federal elections to another electoral system was supposed to take place; but now the Liberal Party has paused the process. So the question remains: does Canada need to change the way it elects its political representatives? Is electoral reform in Canadian federal elections desirable? Why or why not? Length: 800 – 1000 words Submission: Hard copy, beginning of class Format: Times New Roman, 12-point font, with standard 1-inch margins Pattern: Thesis statement: I argue that parliamentary systems of government are more conducive to stable democracies than presidentialist systems because of reasons X, Y, and Z. Reason 1: X Evidence 1: Dahl (2015 p. 42-44) demonstrates that X causes positive democratic effects in parliamentary systems Evidence 2: Linz (1996 p. 10) shows how Latin American semi-authoritarian presidentialist regimes lack X Reason 2: Y Evidence 1: … Evidence 2: … Reason 3: Z Evidence 1: … Evidence 2: … Objections: Y shows that presidentialism is more stable for democracies (O’Donnell 1997 37-38) Counter-objection: But O’Donnell (1997) overlooks how other factors, not just Y, affect democratic stability in presidentialist systems Restatement: Due to X, Y, and Z, democracies under presidentialist systems are less stable than those under parliamentary systems. Conclusion: … List of sources: Dahl, Robert A. 2015 (1998). On Democracy. Second edition. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. …

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