Capstone Project Change Proposal

Benchmark – Capstone Project Change Proposal

In this assignment, students will pull together the change proposal
project components they have been working on throughout the course to
create a proposal inclusive of sections for each content focus area in
the course. At the conclusion of this project, the student will be able
to apply evidence-based research steps and processes required as the
foundation to address a clinically oriented problem or issue in future
practice.

Students will develop a 1,250-1,500 word paper that includes the
following information as it applies to the problem, issue, suggestion,
initiative, or educational need profiled in the capstone change
proposal:

BackgroundProblem statementPurpose of the change proposalPICOTLiterature search strategy employedEvaluation of the literatureApplicable change or nursing theory utilizedProposed implementation plan with outcome measuresIdentification of potential barriers to plan implementation, and a discussion of how these could be overcomeAppendix section, if tables, graphs, surveys, educational materials, etc. are created

Review the feedback from your instructor on the Topic 3 assignment,
PICOT Statement Paper, and Topic 6 assignment, Literature Review. Use
the feedback to make appropriate revisions to the portfolio components
before submitting.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA
Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not
required.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to
beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for
successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Please refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.

RUBRIC

Attempt Start Date: 03-Feb-2020 at 12:00:00 AM

Due Date: 09-Feb-2020 at 11:59:59 PM

Maximum Points: 300.0

Benchmark – Capstone Project Change Proposal – Rubric

No of Criteria: 16 Achievement Levels: 5CriteriaAchievement LevelsDescriptionPercentageUnsatisfactory 0-71%0.00 %Less Than Satisfactory 72-75%75.00 %Satisfactory 76-79%79.00 %Good 80-89%89.00 %Excellent 90-100%100.00 %Content60.0 Background5.0Background section is not present.Background section is present, but incomplete or otherwise lacking in required detail.Background section is present. Some minor details or elements are missing but the omission(s) do not impede understanding.Background section is present and complete. The submission provides the basic information required.Background section is present, complete, and incorporates additional relevant details and critical thinking to engage the reader.Problem Statement5.0Problem statement is not present.Problem statement is present, but incomplete or otherwise lacking in required detail.Problem statement is present. Some minor details or elements are missing but the omission(s) do not impede understanding.Problem statement is present and complete. The submission provides the basic information required.Problem statement is present, complete, and incorporates additional relevant details and critical thinking to engage the reader.Change Proposal Purpose5.0Purpose of change proposal is not present.Purpose of change proposal is present, but incomplete or otherwise lacking in required detail.Purpose of change proposal is present. Some minor details or elements are missing but the omission(s) do not impede understanding.Purpose of change proposal is present and complete. The submission provides the basic information required.Purpose of change proposal is present, complete, and incorporates additional relevant details and critical thinking to engage the reader.PICOT5.0PICOT is not present.PICOT is present, but incomplete or otherwise lacking in required detail.PICOT is present. Some minor details or elements are missing but the omission(s) do not impede understanding.PICOT is present and complete. The submission provides the basic information required.PICOT is present, complete, and incorporates additional relevant details and critical thinking to engage the reader.Literature Search Strategy5.0Literature search strategy is not present.Literature search strategy is present, but incomplete or otherwise lacking in required detail.Literature search strategy is present. Some minor details or elements are missing but the omission(s) do not impede understanding.Literature search strategy is present and complete. The submission provides the basic information required.Literature search strategy is present, complete, and incorporates additional relevant details and critical thinking to engage the reader.Literature Evaluation5.0Literature evaluation is not present.Literature evaluation is present, but incomplete or otherwise lacking in required detail.Literature evaluation is present. Some minor details or elements are missing but the omission(s) do not impede understanding.Literature evaluation is present and complete. The submission provides the basic information required.Literature evaluation is present, complete, and incorporates additional relevant details and critical thinking to engage the reader.Utilization of Change or Nursing Theory (2.2)5.0Theory utilization is not present.Theory utilization content is present, but incomplete or otherwise lacking in required detail.Theory utilization content is present. Some minor details or elements are missing but the omission(s) do not impede understanding.Theory utilization content is present and complete. The submission provides the basic information required.Theory utilization content is present, complete, and incorporates additional relevant details and critical thinking to engage the reader.Proposed Implementation Plan with Outcome Measures (3.2)5.0Implementation plan is not present.Implementation plan is present, but incomplete or otherwise lacking in required detail.Implementation plan is present. Some minor details or elements are missing but the omission(s) do not impede understanding.Implementation plan is present and complete. The submission provides the basic information required.Implementation plan is present, complete, and incorporates additional relevant details and critical thinking to engage the reader.Identification of potential barriers to plan implementation, and a discussion of how these could be overcome (2.3)5.0Identification of potential barriers to plan implementation and /or discussion component is not present.Identification of potential barriers to plan implementation with a discussion component is present, but is incomplete or otherwise lacking in required detail.Identification of potential barriers to plan implementation with a discussion component is present. Some minor details or elements are missing but the omission(s) do not impede understanding.Identification of potential barriers to plan implementation with a discussion component is present and complete. The submission provides the basic information required.Identification of potential barriers to plan implementation with a discussion component is present, complete, and incorporates additional relevant details and critical thinking to engage the reader.Appendices Inclusive of Practice Immersion Clinical Documentation (1.2)5.0Appendices are not present.Appendices are present, but incomplete or otherwise lacking in required detail.Appendices are present with minor elements missing that do not impede understanding.Appendices are present and complete. The submission provides the basic information required.Appendices are present, complete, and incorporates additional relevant details and critical thinking to engage the reader.Evidence of Revision 10.0Final paper does not demonstrate incorporation of feedback or evidence of revision on research critiques.Incorporation of research critique feedback or evidence of revision is incomplete.Incorporation of research critique feedback and evidence of revision are present.Evidence of incorporation of research critique feedback and revision is clearly provided.Evidence of incorporation of research critique feedback and revision is comprehensive and thoroughly developed.Organization and Effectiveness30.0 Thesis Development and Purpose10.0Paper lacks any discernible overall purpose or organizing claim.Thesis is insufficiently developed or vague. Purpose is not clear.Thesis is apparent and appropriate to purpose.Thesis is clear and forecasts the development of the paper. Thesis is descriptive and reflective of the arguments and appropriate to the purpose.Thesis is comprehensive and contains the essence of the paper. Thesis statement makes the purpose of the paper clear.Argument Logic and Construction10.0Statement of purpose is not justified by the conclusion. The conclusion does not support the claim made. Argument is incoherent and uses noncredible sources.Sufficient justification of claims is lacking. Argument lacks consistent unity. There are obvious flaws in the logic. Some sources have questionable credibility.Argument is orderly, but may have a few inconsistencies. The argument presents minimal justification of claims. Argument logically, but not thoroughly, supports the purpose. Sources used are credible. Introduction and conclusion bracket the thesis. Argument shows logical progression. Techniques of argumentation are evident. There is a smooth progression of claims from introduction to conclusion. Most sources are authoritative.Clear and convincing argument presents a persuasive claim in a distinctive and compelling manner. All sources are authoritative.Mechanics of Writing (includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, language use)10.0Surface errors are pervasive enough that they impede communication of meaning. Inappropriate word choice or sentence construction is used.Frequent and repetitive mechanical errors distract the reader. Inconsistencies in language choice (register) or word choice are present. Sentence structure is correct but not varied.Some mechanical errors or typos are present, but they are not overly distracting to the reader. Correct and varied sentence structure and audience-appropriate language are employed.Prose is largely free of mechanical errors, although a few may be present. The writer uses a variety of effective sentence structures and figures of speech.Writer is clearly in command of standard, written, academic English.Format10.0 Paper Format (use of appropriate style for the major and assignment)5.0Template is not used appropriately, or documentation format is rarely followed correctly.Appropriate template is used, but some elements are missing or mistaken. A lack of control with formatting is apparent.Appropriate template is used. Formatting is correct, although some minor errors may be present. Appropriate template is fully used. There are virtually no errors in formatting style.All format elements are correct. Documentation of Sources (citations, footnotes, references, bibliography, etc., as appropriate to assignment and style)5.0Sources are not documented.Documentation of sources is inconsistent or incorrect, as appropriate to assignment and style, with numerous formatting errors.Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, although some formatting errors may be present.Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is mostly correct. Sources are completely and correctly documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is free of error.Total Percentage 100

Running head: LITERATURE REVIEW

LITERATURE REVIEW

Literature Review

Avery Bryan

Professor Tammy Grey

NRS-490

01/19/2020

The proposed capstone project aims to recommend effective
measures that will assist in reducing the prevalence of obesity among
African American children. The findings of various research studies have
shown that there are an increasing number of African American children
who are obese and overweight. Obesity is, therefore, one of the major
health concerns. Many research studies have been carried out to
determine measures that can be put in place to curb the prevalence of
obesity. Most of the researchers have been able to recommend effective
interventions to check this particular trend of an increasing number of
obese children. Obese children are prone to getting various serious
health complications that impact negatively on their health and reduce
their life expectancy. The conditions that are associated with obesity
have been attributed to high mortality rates among African American
children. The capstone project will, therefore, recommend interventions
such as educating families on practicing healthy lifestyles. This will
help in reducing the prevalence of obesity among African American
children.

The research questions of studies that have examined the issue of
childhood obesity have been similar. For instance, the research
questions contained in the article by (Amini et al., 2014) addressed
issues concerning barriers to losing weight and interventions that are
effective in losing weight among children. The research questions that
were asked by (Chircop et al., 2015) addressed the environmental
influences on childhood obesity. Generally, the research questions that
were asked by various researchers attempted to come up with the answer
of several aspects of childhood obesity from causes to interventions.
Most of the research questions led to the discovery of new aspects
surrounding childhood obesity.

The researchers examining the issue of childhood obesity used a
different set of sample populations. This largely depended on the nature
of the study. For example, a sample population of twenty-seven
obese/overweight primary school-students was used in the study that was
carried out by (Amini et al., 2014). A sample population of forty-seven
families was used by (Chircop et al., 2015). A sample population of
seventy-four obese/overweight children was used in the research study
that was conducted by (Ranucci et al., 2017). In the study carried out
by (Danford et al., 2015), a sample population of 286 low‐income mothers
with children aged 4–8 years was involved in the study. After reviewing
various studies, it is apparent that most of the researchers used a
convenient sample size. The convenient sample population enabled the
researchers to better determine the average values of their data and
avoid errors when making inferences concerning various aspects of
childhood obesity. They were, therefore, able to obtain accurate results
and come up with correct recommendations.

The research studies that were reviewed had different limitations.
For instance, the study by (Amini et al., 2014) was conducted in public
schools, so the inferences and conclusion may not necessarily be
generalizable to private schools. There are several limitations of the
research study that was carried out by (Chircop et al., 2015). First,
the data presented was collected from purposively sampled diverse
contexts. The findings generated were therefore not generalizable.
Secondly, only one school neighborhood of each type (high/low SES;
urban/rural/suburban) was represented in the data and there is much
variation within each of these categories in terms of opportunities for
physical activity and healthy eating. There are various limitations to
the study carried out by (Danford et al., 2015). First, results may only
be generalizable to low‐income families. Secondly, the semi‐structured
interview did not allow for detailed probing to gain a greater
understanding of the perceptions of the mothers. Thirdly, the research
questions were answered in a socially desirable manner. Finally, parents
who participated in the study may have had a greater interest in
strategies for feeding children or a willingness to participate in
research than those who did not participate. It is, however, good to
note that these limitations did not impact negatively the outcomes of
the research studies.

There are several implications of the findings of the research
studies that were reviewed. First, implementing factual content about
healthy eating and activity alone may not be an effective strategy for
reducing the prevalence of childhood overweight/obesity. This is because
most parents that were interviewed were already aware of these health
messages. Clinicians should consider focusing on the delivery of
information concerning obesity prevention strategies. The results of
most of the research studies that were reviewed suggest that while most
parents are very knowledgeable about obesity prevention strategies;
there may be obstacles to their ability to implement these strategies in
their homes. Clinicians should also consider focusing on developing
strategies with the parents to support behavioral change. Novel
strategies that effectively support behavior change are required. The
implications for further research include the need to move beyond the
socio-ecological model, by integrating critical dimensions such as
‘time’ to allow for a more nuanced understanding of contemporary healthy
living. Policy-makers should take several lessons from the findings of
the reviewed studies. Health promotion campaigns should be designed.
These campaigns should concern healthy eating practices and
advertisements for physical activity. The researchers also ascertain
that childhood obesity prevention efforts aimed at both physical
activity and healthy eating should be consistent with health.

References

Amini, M., Djazayery, A., Majdzadeh, R., Taghdisi, M. H.,
Sadrzadeh-Yeganeh, H., & Eslami-Amirabadi, M. (2014). Children with
obesity prioritize social support against stigma: a qualitative study
for development of an obesity prevention intervention. International Journal of Preventive Medicine, 5(8), 960.

Chircop, A., Shearer, C., Pitter, R., Sim, M., Rehman, L., Flannery,
M., & Kirk, S. (2013). Privileging physical activity over healthy
eating:‘Time’to Choose?. Health Promotion International, 30(3), 418-426.

Danford, C. A., Schultz, C. M., Rosenblum, K., Miller, A. L., &
Lumeng, J. C. (2015). Perceptions of low‐income mothers about the causes
and ways to prevent overweight in children. Child: Care, Health and Development, 41(6), 865-872.

Ranucci, C., Pippi, R., Buratta, L., Aiello, C., Gianfredi, V.,
Piana, N., … & Gili, A. (2017). Effects of an intensive lifestyle
intervention to treat overweight/obese children and adolescents. BioMed Research International, 2017.

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