career development psychology and counseling

I need this quiz completed. The choices are A B C or D.

In SCCT Self-Efficacy can be best described as:

Peopleâ€s judgement of their capabilities on specific tasks
Peopleâ€s judgement of their capabilities on all tasks
Peopleâ€s judgement of interest in specific tasks
Peopleâ€s judgement of interest on all tasks

2Which of the following statements represents an introjected model:

“I shouldnâ€t do that, my dad wouldnâ€t like it.”
“I donâ€t think I should, itâ€s not what a hero would do.”
“I wonâ€t do it, I donâ€t do that sort of thing.”
“Iâ€m not going to do it unless you do it first.”

3Career construction theory advises _____ for the actor, _____ for the agent, and _____ for the author.

Vocational guidance, career education, career counseling
Career education, career counseling, vocational guidance
Career counseling, career education, vocational guidance
Vocational guidance, career counseling, career education

4Comparable worth suggests that

Males and females should be paid the same for performing the same work
Primarily female occupations should be paid similarly to primarily male occupations
Males and females salaries should be no more than 5% different
Benefits including maternity leave should be accessible to all sexes

5The element that best predicts a positive work life balance is:

Wages earned
Psychological adjustment
Social support network
Spousal support

6Females are underrepresented in STEM fields because:

They have a poorer understanding of mathematics
They earn far fewer bachelorâ€s degrees in mathematics
Math-talented females may find other careers more attractive
They are deliberately discouraged to enter by males

7A child starts to develop curiosity and interest about the world of work, they are in which stage of development in Superâ€s model?

Growth
Exploration
Establishment
Maintenance

8Social class has a strong influence on all of the following except:

Worldview
Culture of origin
Access to education
Overall social status

9SCCT emphasizes how _____, _____, and _____ influence each other.

Behavior, environment, and people
Personality, people, and cognition
Interpersonal skill, extrapersonal skill, and metapersonal skill
Oxygen, heat, and fuel

10In Superâ€s theory, disengagement is best described as:

A lack of interest in counseling
An inability to communicate on the jobsite
A transitional stage with a shift of focus away from work
A loss of status in the workplace

11One barrier that often prevents those with disabilities from seeking work is:

A lack of interests in work
A lack of ability to work
A lack of social skills
A loss of government sponsored health care benefits

12Super based his theory on the following except:

Differential Psychology
Developmental Psychology
Social Psychology
Self-concept theory

13Counseling those with disabilities may be especially difficult when:

The disability is invisible
The disability is highly obvious
The disability is very recent
The disability is well established in the individual

14In SCCT the _____ model explains why two people with a similar level of skill can have extreme differences in performance quality

Interest
Choice
Performance
Satisfaction

15In SCCT agency may be best described as:

Self-direction
Support
Skill
Perseverance

16A married 30-year-old is working to develop a safe and secure work space, they are in which stage of development in Superâ€s model?

Growth
Exploration
Establishment
Maintenance

17There is _____ empirical research supporting career construction theory:

A great deal of
No
Very little
A moderate amount of

18The medical model of aiding the disabled back to work has often failed because:

It insisted on changing the person, not the job
It insisted on changing the job, not the person
It only attended to the physical problems and not psychological impact
It redirected those with disabilities to less rigorous employment

19In SCCT the interest model suggests that:

People develop interests spontaneously
People develop interests via exposure and practice
People develop interests via genetic predisposition
People develop interests based on cognitive development

20SCCT is based on the work of:

Bandura
Super
Beck
Minuchin

21With regard to employment, youth with disabilities:

Fare better than cultural minorities
Fare better than gender minorities
Fare worse than gender minorities but better than cultural minorities
Fare worse than all other groups

22With regard to career research, there is little to no research on the ____ population.

Transgender
Bisexual
Gay
Lesbian

23A person feels very dedicated to who they are as an employee, they feel invested in what they do, and put forth great effort. According to Super, this person demonstrates:

Satisfaction
Congruence
Salience
Concordance

24According to career construction theory a personâ€s reality is:

A constructed representation
Fixed and unmalleable
Universal between subjects
Constructed by intrapsychic events

25A criticism of research on life-span, life-space theories is:

It ignores the needs of adolescents
It is highly theoretical
It has no real-world application
It has been applied to young adults almost exclusively

26Career counseling has often failed to address how to:

Prepare for employment with limited resources
Seek employment in a new field
Tolerate stress in the workplace
Utilize social supports to advance employment

27One of the most salient predictors of career development is:

A personâ€s socioeconomic status
A personâ€s level of disability
A personâ€s race
A personâ€s gender

28LGBT individuals may have additional problems in career development because:

They score lower on skill based tests
They are less aware career options available
They are simultaneously developing their sexual identity
They only seek careers congruent with their sexual identity

29In Career construction theory, a counselor exploring construction may ask the client about:

Major developmental milestones
Prior work history
Favorite book or story
Current medications

30Men who choose nontraditional occupations often have:

Higher educational aspirations
Higher socioeconomic status
Fewer anti-feminine behaviors
All of the above

31An adolescent is beginning to identify specific forms of education needed for a preferred career, they are in which stage of development in Superâ€s model?

Growth
Exploration
Establishment
Maintenance

32Career counselors can help individuals with disabilities by:

Helping employers find workplace accommodations
Helping clients explore potential career options
Helping clients practice interviewing scores
All of the above

33Transgender individuals often described experiencing:

Overt discrimination
Job loss due to gender identity
Bathroom discrimination
All of the above

34Children of families with lower socioeconomic status often have all of the following except:

Reduced intellectual capacity
Reduced career exploration
Reduced career guidance
Increased anxiety regarding college attendance

35Which of the following statements represents the incorporation of a model:

“I shouldnâ€t do that, my dad wouldnâ€t like it.”
“I donâ€t think I should, itâ€s not what a hero would do.”
“I wonâ€t do it, I donâ€t do that sort of thing.”
“Iâ€m not going to do it unless you do it first.”

36_____ is about who a person is attracted to; _____ is about who the person feels they are:

Sexual orientation; Sexual Identity
Sexual Identity; Sexual Orientation
Gender; Sex
Sex; Gender

37A major barrier to providing career counseling to those living in poverty is:

Lack of trust in counseling
Lack of interest in work
Lack of access to services
Lack of job availability

38Socioeconomic disparity can be best defined as a(n):

Individual problem
Intergenerational problem
Racial problem
Government problem

39In SCCT self-efficacy is acquired and modified from all the following EXCEPT:

Social persuasion
Vicarious learning
Physiological and affective States
Performance rewards

40One of the biggest faulty assumptions in career counseling is that:

A personâ€s socioeconomic status can limit career options
Most people would avoid work if they could
Most people can change jobs if they desire to do so
People are looking to get paid as much as they can

 
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