In 1930, the Castellammarese War was a bloody was between two major factions in New York of the Castellammarese branch of the mafia (Abadinsky, 2010). Salvatore Maranzano (held in Midtown Manhattan) headed one and Giuseppe Masseria (Little Italy of East Harlem) headed the other (Abadinsky, 2010). The war would determine the future of the Mafia in America. Prohibition enabled the Mafia gangs to break out of the bounds of Little Italy and operate in the wider society (Abadinsky, 2010).
The struggle for domination of Italian of the Italian American organized crime in New York became known as the Castellammarese war because Maranzano and many of his supporters came from the small Sicilian coastal town of Castellammare del Golfo (Abadinsky, 2010). After Maranzano escaped he helped smuggle many of his compatriots into the US (Abadinksy,2010). The Masseria group had both Sacilian and non-Sicilian members, including Lucky Luciano and Gaetano Lucchese Vito, and Frank Sotello (Abadinsky, 2010).
Failing to notify Joe the Boss, Luciano and five of his leading men went over to the other side. On April 15, 1931, Masseria drove his armored and plate glassed sedan to a garage near Nuvoa Villa in the Coney Island section of Brooklyn. Following the arrival, Masseria ended up in a restaurant for a meal and a card game with his so called member. Luciano excused himself, and Masseria was shot to death. The Castellammarese war was over (Abadinsky, 2010). On September 10, 1931, four men carrying pistols entered a suite in NYC. There was an angry dispute and then pistol shots.
Maranznao was found dead with a knife and bullet wounds. His bodyguards were tricked into thinking the men that came to the door were federal immigration agents. They were wrong. Due to this war a negative aspect came out of it. Five Italian-American Families emerged and carried out O. C, which are The Luciano Family, The Galiano Family, The Profaci Family, The Scalise Family, and The Bonanno Family. The only positve outcome of this was it provided a better structure for upcoming O. C that became more organized. Abadinsky, Howard. (2010). Organized Crime. California: Wadsworth.