Some occupation is necessary to enable man to satisfy his wants. Everywhere in this world there is a constant struggle for an occupation. Only deserving people win the struggle and get occupations. Those who are defeated suffer starvation and misery. In our country many persons are unemployed. Their number is very large. Unemployment problem is a great problem in our country. There are many causes of unemployment. The chief among them is the rapid growth of population. Chances of employment are decreasing day by day due to the use of machines which save labour.
Lack of skill and ability is another cause of unemployment. An unskilled labour cannot be successful in any work. If a chance of employment is created, only the skilled labour avails it. Ill health is another factor of unemployment. Nowadays more and more industries are set up in our country. Although there are chances of employment there, the hazardous atmosphere of the industrial area discourages people to go for employment there. Unemployment is a social problem. Many other social problems are born from it.
The unemployed youth are growing more and more rebellious. Their attitude to education, interest for genuine qualification and faithfulness to our society decrease. Moral perversion also occurs. There is no respect for the seniors. In a family, the unemployed children create disturbances. They feel frustrated. They kill either themselves or their parents. Thus social tension is born. Gradually, our culture of love and tolerance is converted to the culture of anger and maladjustment.
There is still some hope to remove unemployment from our country. Firstly, our educational system must be reformed. Vocational subjects must be compulsorily taught to our students. Stress must be given on manual labour and self- employment. Most important of all is to check corruption and nepotism in our country. Ministers and important persons in high positions are now accused of showing favour and sympathy to their own relatives. Further, they are accused of selling jobs at high price. Thus, the children of the rich get employments by paying.