I’m trying to study for my Engineering course and I need some help to understand this question.

Question 1:

Discuss, in your own words using 500 words or more, how virtualization may create it’s own security vulnerabilities.

(500-550 words in word document with references 6 years or less old)(Please follow APA format) Please 3 references from journals or books will be appreciated. Write everything in own words.

Question 2:

Define the payback, net present value, internal rate of return, and profitability index methods.

(500-550 words in word document with references 6 years or less old)(Please follow APA format) Please 3 references from journals or books will be appreciated. Write everything in own words.

Question 3:

Chapter 8-

11. NPV. A proposed nuclear power plant will cost \$2.2 billion to build and then will produce cash flows of \$300 million a year for 15 years. After that period (in year 15), it must be decommissioned at a cost of \$900 million. (LO8-1 and LO8-2) a. What is project NPV if the discount rate is 5%? b. What if the discount rate is 18%?

12. NPV/IRR. A new computer system will require an initial outlay of \$20,000, but it will increase the firm’s cash flows by \$4,000 a year for each of the next 8 years. (LO8-1) a. Is the system worth installing if the required rate of return is 9%? b. What if the required return is 14%? c. How high can the discount rate be before you would reject the project?

Chapter 9-

1. Cash Flows. Quick Computing currently sells 10 million computer chips each year at a price of \$20 per chip. It is about to introduce a new chip, and it forecasts annual sales of 12 million of these improved chips at a price of \$25 each. However, demand for the old chip will decrease, and sales of the old chip are expected to fall to 3 million per year. The old chips cost \$6 each to manufacture, and the new ones will cost \$8 each. What is the proper cash flow to use to evaluate the present value of the introduction of the new chip? (LO9-1)

2. Incremental Cash Flows. A corporation donates a valuable painting from its private collection to an art museum. Which of the following are incremental cash flows associated with the donation? (LO9-1) a. The price the firm paid for the painting b. The current market value of the painting c. The deduction from income that it declares for its charitable gift d. The reduction in taxes due to its declared tax deduction

3. Cash Flows. Conference Services Inc. has leased a large office building for \$4 million per year. The building is larger than the company needs; two of the building’s eight stories are almost empty. A manager wants to expand one of her projects, but this will require using one of the empty floors. In calculating the net present value of the proposed expansion, senior management allocates one-eighth of \$4 million of building rental costs (i.e., \$.5 million) to the project expansion, reasoning that the project will use one-eighth of the building’s capacity. (LO9-1) a. Is this a reasonable procedure for purposes of calculating NPV? b. Can you suggest a better way to assess a cost of the office space used by the project?

5. Cash Flows. Tubby Toys estimates that its new line of rubber ducks will generate sales of \$7 million, operating costs of \$4 million, and a depreciation expense of \$1 million. If the tax rate is 25%, what is the firm’s operating cash flow? (LO9-2)

6. Cash Flows. True or false? (LO9-2) a. A project’s depreciation tax shields depend on the actual future rate of inflation. b. Project cash flows should take account of interest paid on borrowings undertaken to finance the project. c. Accelerated depreciation reduces near-term cash flows and, therefore, reduces project NPV.

7. Calculating Cash Flows. The owner of a bicycle repair shop forecasts revenues of \$160,000 a year. Variable costs will be \$50,000, and rental costs for the shop are \$30,000 a year. Depreciation on the repair tools will be \$10,000. (LO9-2) a. Prepare an income statement for the shop based on these estimates. The tax rate is 20%. b. Now calculate the operating cash flow for the repair shop using all three methods suggested in the chapter. All three approaches should result in the same value for cash flow. i. Dollars in minus dollars out. ii. Adjusted accounting profits. iii. Add back depreciation tax shield.