Prevention is a significant component of epidemiology and entails interventions that reduce the risk of disease or certain levels of threats to health. The further “upstream” the prevention is located, the more people the intervention can help. In order to help explain the difference let us take this example based on a real situation.
Let’s say you are the mayor of Flint, Michigan which gets its drinking water from the Flint River. One summer, you learn that children are developing neurological problems after drinking the water due to chemical irritants like lead and mercury in the river. You decide to take action. You learn that the GM factory located “upstream” is dumping waste that contains lead and arsenic and take action by talking to the CEO of GM. Metaphorically speaking, this is an example of primary prevention.
In the reading this week you were exposed to a range of interventions. In this discussion provide at least one example of primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention for a condition you will focus on in your final project.
In your responses offer questions and recommendations to your peers’ suggested preventions.