Carl S. Warren; Jim Reeve; Jonathan Duchac
1. The primary objectives of control over inventory are
a.safeguarding the inventory from damage and maintaining constant observation of the inventory
b.reporting inventory in the financial statements
c.maintaining constant observation of the inventory and reporting inventory in the financial statements
d.safeguarding inventory from damage and reporting inventory in the financial statements
2. When merchandise sold is assumed to be in the order in which the purchases were made, the company is using
3. Use the information below to answer the following question.
The Boxwood Company sells blankets for $60 each. The following was taken from the inventory records during May. The company had no beginning inventory on May 1.
Assuming that the company uses the perpetual inventory system, determine the gross profit for the sale of May 23 using the FIFO inventory cost method.
4.If merchandise inventory is being valued at cost and the purchase price is steadily falling, which method of costing will yield the largest net income?
5.Stevens Company started the year with an inventory cost of $145,000. During the month of January, Stevens purchased inventory that cost $53,000. January sales totaled $140,000. Estimated gross profit is 35%. The estimated ending inventory as of January 31 is
6. Which one of the following below is not an element of internal control?
d.information and communication
7. A check drawn by a company for $340 in payment of a liability was recorded in the journal as $430. What entry is required in the company's accounts?
a.debit Cash; credit Accounts Receivable
b.debit Accounts Receivable; credit Cash
c.debit Accounts Payable; credit Cash
d.debit Cash; credit Accounts Payable
8. A bank reconciliation should be prepared
a.to explain any difference between the company's balance per books with the balance per bank
b.by the company's bank
c.whenever the bank refuses to lend the company money
d.by the person who is authorized to sign checks
Pilger Corporation has cash on hand at year-end of $201,000 and a negative cash flow from operations of $144,000. What is the ratio of cash to monthly cash expenses?
10. When does an account become uncollectible?
a.when accounts receivable is converted into notes receivable
b.when a discount is availed on notes receivable
c.at the end of the fiscal year
d.there is no general rule for when an account becomes uncollectible
11.On the balance sheet, the amount shown for the Allowance for Doubtful Accounts is equal to the
a.total estimated uncollectible accounts as of the end of the year
b.sum of all accounts that are past due
c.total of the accounts receivables written-off during the year
d.uncollectible accounts expense for the year
12. Allowance for Doubtful Accounts has a debit balance of $600 at the end of the year (before adjustment), and an analysis of accounts in the customers ledger indicates uncollectible receivables of $13,000. Which of the following entries records the proper adjusting entry for bad debt expense?
a.debit Allowance for Doubtful Accounts, $600; credit Bad Debt Expense, $600
b.debit Bad Debt Expense, $600; credit Allowance for Doubtful Accounts, $600
c.debit Bad Debt Expense, $13,600; credit Allowance for Doubtful Accounts, $13,600
d.debit Bad Debt Expense, $12,400; credit Allowance for Doubtful Accounts, $12,400
13. When comparing the direct write-off method and the allowance method of accounting for uncollectible receivables, a major difference is that the direct write-off method
a.is used primarily by small companies with few receivables
b.is used primarily by large companies with many receivables
c.uses an allowance account
d.uses a percentage of sales method to estimate uncollectible accounts
14. Accumulated Depreciation
a. is used to show the amount of cost expiration of intangibles
b.is used to show the amount of cost expiration of natural resources
c.is the same as Depreciation Expense
d.is a contra asset account
15. Equipment with a cost of $220,000 has an estimated residual value of $30,000 and an estimated life of 10 years or 19,000 hours. It is to be depreciated by the straight-line method. What is the amount of depreciation for the first full year, during which the equipment was used 2,100 hours?
16. The process of transferring the cost of metal ores and other minerals removed from the earth to an expense account is called
17. The Bacon Company acquired new machinery with a price of $15,200 by trading in similar old machinery and paying $12,700. The old machinery originally cost $9,000 and had accumulated depreciation of $5,000. In recording this transaction, Bacon Company should record
a.a loss of $1,500
b.the new machinery at $12,700
c.a gain of $1,500
d.the new machinery at $16,700
18. Assuming a 360-day year, when a $50,000, 90-day, 9% interest-bearing note payable matures, total payment will be
19. Which of the following is required to be withheld from employee's gross pay?
a.only federal income tax
b.both federal and state unemployment compensation taxes
c.only state unemployment compensation tax
d.only federal unemployment compensation tax
20. Hall Company sells merchandise with a one-year warranty. In the current year, sales consisted of 4,500 units. It is estimated that warranty repairs will average $10 per unit sold, and 30% of the repairs will be made in the current year and 70% in the next year. In the current year's income statement, Hall should show warranty expense of
21. Which of the following below is not a characteristic of a limited liability company?
a.limited legal liability
d.moderate ability to raise capital
22. Seth and Beth have original investments of $50,000 and $100,000 respectively in a partnership. The articles of partnership include the following provisions regarding the division of net income: interest on original investment at 10%; salary allowances of $27,000 and $18,000, respectively; and the remainder to be divided equally. How much of the net income of $42,000 is allocated to Seth?
23. Which of the following is not a right possessed by common stockholders of a corporation?
a.the right to share in assets upon liquidation
b.the right to receive a minimum amount of dividends
c.the right to sell their stock to anyone they choose
d.the right to vote in the election of the board of directors
24. The charter of a corporation provides for the issuance of 100,000 shares of common stock. Assume that 45,000 shares were originally issued and 5,000 were subsequently reacquired. What is the amount of cash dividends to be paid if a $2 per share dividend is declared?
25.Which statement below is not a reason for a corporation to buy back its own stock?
a.to increase the shares outstanding
b.for supporting the market price of the stock
c.resale to employees
d.bonus to employees