Cultural sensitivity means being aware and accepting existing cultural similarities and differences and how these can influence others` behavior, values, and expectations (Galanti, 2012). A lack of understanding of this concept can cause inadequate medical care for patients of different cultures/ethnic groups (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Committee on Health Care for Underserved Women, 2011).
In Muslim culture, women have to wear headscarves and cover the whole body except their face and hands. This is similar to Christian culture where nuns wear the Habit. However in one case, Muslim nurses were asked by infection control staff to wear short sleeves to prevent infection hazard. To be culturally sensitive,it is fundamental to understand that Muslim women are mandated to wear long sleeves to follow the code of Islamic dress (Elgindy, 2013).
When female Muslim patients are asked to change into a gown, there are principles making this inconvenient. According to faith of the Muslim culture, women cannot walk with improperly covered bodies. This creates discomfort if the changing room is not close to the procedure room. Additionally, some patients are concerned about the practitioner gender and prefer female practitioners. Therefore, when practitioners ask these patients to get change into a gown, practitioners should understand the culture barriers and provide a private environment. Female practitioners should be used when possible. Respecting patients` culture improves commutation/care between practitioners and patients, thus practitioners should be sensitive to the unique needs of each culture.
Reflective practice is a process when an individual stops, thinks and consciously analyses the decision of an action. This is done by applying and reflecting on the experience, that is gained through own or other`s experience, and theory into an occupational practice in order to change/improve the outcome of this practice. Also, critical analysis can create new ideas to modify the action, treatment or skills (Chartered Society of Physiotherapy, 2013).
In the MRS setting, reflective practice is carried out habitually. For the best outcome for patients, practitioners must know their strengths/weaknesses of experience/skills to reflect in clinical situations and turn this reflection into valuable outcomes (Hall & Davis, 1999). This process allows problem solving that may arise during MRS procedures. For instance, when applying a theory to a procedure which does not address the issue due to uncompleted /outdated theory to a particular issue, then the reflective practice is valuable (Hall & Davis, 1999). For example, when a radiographer cannot adjust the patient position to do c-spine swimmer x-ray for an unconscious patient, he reflected about what his collage did for a similar situation to acquire an optimal image.
Therefore, Reflective practice has a significant role in developing the professional skills of MRS practitioners because this encourages them to observe own/others practices and evaluate the accuracy of skills. Thus, reflective practice is a helpful tool to achieve any challenge that can be raised in the MRI setting (Chapman et al., 2009).