[Solved] difference between eastern and western architecture

Acknowledgements The process of writing this thesis brings a great pleasure to me. It really broadens my mind and enlarges my vision. First of all, I would like to express my gratitude to the School of Foreign Languages of Hainan University to give me such a good chance to know more about “Situational Context and Text Coherence” and many linguists who have made great effort on those themes related to my topic, so that I can show some of my humble views.

I would especially like to give my heartiest thanks to Mrs B, my supervisor, who devotes herself to enlightening me on the specific patterns and styles; I am really obsessed with her brilliant guidance and earnest attitudes towards those which are taken charge of by her. Without her assistance and encouragement, this thesis would not have achieved its present form. Over the course of writing this thesis, I am more than grateful to my parents and sisters for their continuous love and care from beginning until the end of this thesis.

I would also like to take this opportunity to acknowledge the support and encouragement from my manager, colleagues, friends and home fellows who stand by me for their assistance in stuff collection and suggestions leading to the success of this thesis. Last but not least I should thank Miss Liling from the College of Liberal Arts for her constructive views on how to improve and better organize it. I sincerely bow to all those who have been kind enough to help me, their subtle and fruitful arguments have benefited me a great deal.

Whatever splendid words used here cannot show my sincere acknowledgements more. Abstract Architecture is a comprehensive art , is a solidification of the epic . Both ancient and spiritual civilization , human beings are a cultural form of speace . Architectural expression of a certain outlook on life ,cosmology , aesthetics and thus a comprehensive reflection of both the characteristics of the times is the concentrated expression of national culture . The difference between Chinese and western architectural forms , the performance of cultural differences .

It reflects the difference between physicial and natural environment, social structure and morphology of the differences and the difference between the aesthetic realm . Keywords : material; layout ; traditional values ; aesthetic ?? ?????????? ,???????????????? ,???????????????????????????????????????????? ,????????????? ,?????????????????????? ,????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??? :?? ;?? ;???? ;???? Contents Acknowledgements……………………………………………………………………………i Abstract(English)…………………………………………………………………………ii Abstract(Chinese)…………………………………………………………………………iii Contents………………………………………………………………………………………iv 1.

Material differences……………………………………………………………………v 1. 1Traditional Chinese architecture in wood-based materials………………………………. …v 1. 2Dominated western architecture in stone ………………………………………………………… v 2. Layout of different architectural space ………………………………………………………………………………………v 2. 1Chinese traditional architecture is the spatial pattern of closed groups 2. 2Western architecture is open and the spatial pattern of the monomer 3. The development of different construction………………………………………vi 4. Differences in cultural values……………………………………………………. ii Reference …………………………………………………………………………………. ix 1. Material differences Different building materials reflects the western material culture , philosophy difference . 1. 1 Traditional Chinese architecture in wood-based materials . The history of ancient Chinese architecture form the royal palace to the homes of ordinary people , all are the civil word , it is said “the determine the China Building Technology , the structure of development . To civil as he material , the wall only as a means of division of space is generally not used for load-beraing .

The structure of the wood frame as the main method and create a wooden frame with the corresponding plane and the appearance of building facades . This kind of civil construction materials from China for the end of primitive society , the same strain , and influenced Japan , Korea and other neighboring countries in the architectual style . 1. 2 Dominated western architecture in stone For the West the choice of materials of construction , in addition to the different due to the natural factors , but more importantly , due to different ideas result .

Mainly in the West to hunt of primitive economy created the orginal state of mind . Strone from the affirmation of the West can be seen on Western rationalism . The relationship between man and nature are emphasized in the masters of the world , human strength and wisdon to prevail . China to primitive agriculture-based economy has long been a source of civilization in the way of re-selsction , re-collection , re-storage approaches . Different building materials to bring Chinese and Western aesthetic differences .

In general , the civil construction in China for the material texture and beauty of nature ; to the stone building materials of masculintu in full . 2. Layout of different architectural speace The layout of different architectural space reflects the culture of the Western Systern , the difference between character . 2. 1 Chinese traditional architecture is the spatial pattern of closed groups Traditional Chinese architecture is spread on the ground plane , and there is a simple organization of them which are generally a balanced symmetrical manner , designed along the longitudinal axis .

As Mr. Li Zehou said ,Chian’s use of architecture to maximize the potential and charateristics of wood , at the beginning is not a single building for the purpose of the independent individual , but inspace is huge , flat swing , connected to each other and with construction is characterized by the group . It is more emphasis on building the plane between the organic whole arrangement . This reflects the ancient Chinese form of social structure , within characteristics , patriarchalideology and ehics system . . 2 Western architecture is open and the spatial pattern of the monomer Western architecture is uaually around one orseveral members of the public nature of public activity center for the development of the layout of the church , street or free twists and turns , or for the development of the radial freedom , not the general shape of the city outside the rules . This is very early Westerners ofen through interaction between the sea and the implementation of democracy within the society concerned . Greek xport-oriented character and impact of scientific and democratic spirit is not only ancient Rome , and also affected the entire Western world . 3. The development of different construction Middle traditional architecture is conservative . According to literature we know that medieval architectural forms and materials used in 3000 remain unchanged . Unlike China , Western architecture ofen change , the evolution of its structure and material was more intense . Powerful fedual China , the feudal system stablity .

Long-term suppression of fedual lords of natural science , advocationg compliance with the rule of confucianism and buddhism trainer training people . China’s traditional architecture is also in this social and political environment created and developed to a climax . 14 to 15 century , Europe has entered a peak of fedual society . But unlike China , political forces are relatively weak fedual lords . This concept has been deeply planted in the minds of European citizens . Against the repression , the pursuit of freedom , the pursuit of wordlu life can be said that the character of the people of Europe .

This period of European construction but also because of political reasons , changing onto the road . 4. Difference in cultural values Since human capital building close ties with its enormous power of artistic expression and its relationship with the corresponding human culture and a deep relationship between human cultural and embodies the ideas . In short , the ancient Chinese architecture has always been based on the throne as the core of this world , permeated with the ethical concept of Chinese people ; and the West is the religion of ancient architecture , divine right .

Importance of traditional Chinese aesthetics real life , pay attention to the order of human relation , played down religion , which embodies the traditional confusion emphasis on people’s sense of community . For the perspective of architectural culture, not only embodies the ancient Chinese architecture with emphasis on practical understanding of the tendency of the use of reason , but also into the China’s outlook on life and the universe . The status of Christianity in the Western world is self-evident.

This in turn led to Western civilization the worship of gods, religious aware, and deeply affect their architecture, which highlight the main building, and directed at the sky and diverse style of art form , and other personalized features . Therefore, the European classical architecture with a high aesthetic characteristics of the individual, in the literature can be seen as individuality and high performance of the individual image. German scholar Engels Cassirer in his “Essay on Man” said, human culture is individual into a variety of activities that progress along different lines , the pursuit of these different purposes .

Western culture in the formation and cause Develop logic and spatial concepts and the purpose of building such as the difference, certainly reflected in the architectural culture or architectural style. Therefore , the Chinese culture than to men , Western culture objects ; and moral weight of Chinese culture and the arts , science and religion in Western Culture; re-integration of Chinese culture , pay attention to unity , the spirit of Western culture , a unique weight to high light the personality characteristics of various geners , etc. Chinese and Western architectural culture contains a variety of architectural features are the crystallization of human civilization and valuable . References ???. (2005).?????.?? :???????. ???. (2002).????????.????. ???. (2010).???????.?? :???????. ??. (2009).?????.?? :?????????. ???. (2002).??????????.?? :???????.

"Looking for a Similar Assignment? Order now and Get a Discount!

"Looking for a Similar Assignment? Order now and Get a Discount!