Should Turkey become the EU member? Modern Turkey is located in the territory of central part of former East-Roman empire which sufficiently influenced on formation of European civilization. Nowadays, there are many historical monuments reminding about Greek-Roman colonies and Christian traditions in Turkey. Since the beginning of XX century, Turkey was striving for adoption of the European model of development in all spheres of social life. All of this could be considered as essential criteria for Turkey’s accession to the European Union.
Nevertheless, different processes in Turkish community illustrate lack of transparency and fair attitude towards traditional, religious, and ethical minorities. Relying on these facts , I believe that Turkey is not ready for EU membership. The main argument about Turkey’s admission to the European Union is the difference in religion. All countries of the EU are Christian and Turkey is the Muslim country. It is impossible to ignore the fact, that immigrants from the countries of Islam traditions and indigenous Europeans do not get along in European Union.
Almost every state of the European Union faces the problems of social, political and cultural integration of national minorities contained of immigrants of Islamic traditions, including Turkish citizens. Real life shows that financial prosperity of immigrants does not solve the problem of their cultural adaptation and sometimes leads to the increase of their ethically religious originality. For example, bombing the London’s metros by Islamic terrorists in 2005 got people scared of Muslims. After that accident, some people had opinions that all Muslims were terrorists by misunderstanding the real Islamic traditions.
The third argument against becoming Turkey an EU member is the population. Nowadays, the population of Turkey is 70 million of people which is the second most populated country in European Union, after Germany with the population of 82 million people. It means that if Turkey becomes a European member, the prior voice in Council of Ministers will be after Germany and Turkey. 27 EU member states and additional 70 million of people will ruin the European Union. Entering Turkey to the EU will bomb the basis of European politics. It is commonly known, that 80 per cent of Turkish area is located in Asia and only 20 in Europe.
Nevertheless, Turkey is a country by some parameters oriented to Europe. According to history, the main communication space between Europe, Asia and Africa had been Mediterranean Sea for a long time. Therefore, countries, located in the banks of Mediterranean Sea, were involved in European life and became active members in European world. Considering that fact, the possible accession of Turkey to the European Union will lead to inevitable expansion of the community of the Mediterranean Sea countries, which will claim their European identity and desire to become EU member state.
Despite all the arguments against Turkey’s accession to EU, there are several important factors that might claim opposite. One of the beneficial claims of Turkey’s accession will be free movement. With free entering on Turkish territory, European tourists will visit Turkish resorts more often, which will develop tourism business and efficiently increase GDP of Turkey. Going to Europe without any visa will allow Turkish people to study in European universities and work in foreign companies.
Considering that fact, Turkey will be very beneficial for Europe, as it has a huge amount of labor force. In the near future Europe will have lack of workers and the closest place, from where workers can come, will be Turkey. Another beneficial claim of Turkey’s membership in European Union is an international trade. The foreign trade sector is the major source of dynamic economic development of the country for Turkey. The basic goods of Turkish export are textiles, clothes, cars, citrus, food, spare parts, metal products, glass products, agricultural products.
Also, Turkey has a developed import which contains of oil, petroleum, gas, nonferrous and ferrous metals, machinery, fertilizers, timber and lumber. According to the research of 2003, the major trading partners of Turkey are Germany, Italy, Great Britain, France, Netherlands, Spain, Belgium, Switzerland. The geography of international trade shows that the level of Turkey’s trade has traditionally focused on Western European market. Despite Turkey’s accession to the Customs Union, the export of Turkey has not been changed ignificantly because of competitors countries from Eastern Europe and China. As an accession of Turkey to European Union opens the borders of both Europe and Turkey, the trade between those countries will become much beneficial. Decision about possible membership of Turkey in European Union should not be made solely on political level. It must be clearly expressed by desire of European people. The final decision should be preceded by extensive public debate of the European countries, which could reveal the willingness or reluctance of people to live in one integrated union with Turkey.