Why did Phillip II launch the Armada and why did it neglect? In the summer of 1588. the Catholic male monarch of Spain. Phillip II. came up with a program to suppress Protestant England. He would roll up his ground forces from the Netherlands and a immense fleet of 130 ships across the channel. with the aid of France.
Why did Phillip launch the Armada? – Phillip launched the Armada for many grounds. When Elizabeth became queen. Phillip asked her manus in matrimony. but she refused. This angered him. as he hoped to maintain power over England. and besides maintain it Catholic. This was besides an embarrassment as Spain was one of he most powerful states in Europe. England was besides assisting Protestants in the Netherlands. ( which Spain ruled ) to revolt against the Catholic Spanish. Equally good as assisting the Portrageas gain their independency from Spain.
Phillip besides had the support of the Pope who encouraged him to occupy England. Elizabeth had been excommunicated from the church so the Catholic Pope thought she ought to be removed. During the 1560’s English ships began to plunder Spanish fleets returning from America with gold. Phillip blamed Elizabeth for endorsing such foraies and taking her portion of the net incomes. In 1587 Elizabeth executed Mary queen of Scots which besides angered Phillip as he saw Mary as the rightful queen of England.
Why the armada failed- Phillips program was to direct a fleet from Spain and an ground forces from the Netherlands to occupy at the same clip. England was cognizant of the Spanish programs. assailing at Cadiz. in Spain and wining in detaining it for another twelvemonth. This meant that the Spanish had to utilize old. non so good boats for the invasion. The barrels were besides destroyed and so the new 1s were unseasoned so when the nutrient was put in them. the barrels and nutrient rotted. The adult male in charge of the Spanish armada was the duke of Medina Scronia. he was non a sea captain. and he was in charge of the ground forces and was sea ill!
The English admirals were experienced and good trained. When in the channel and combat. the English couldn’t interrupt the crescent formation. Ships were set on fire and sent into the Armada. bring forthing a terror that broke the Spanish formation. The Armada was forced to sail around Scotland. where they didn’t have good maps for. Bad conditions besides contributed to Spain’s bad luck. as it bashed many of the boats to spots. On August 8th the English defeated the Spanish and the Armada sailed place with lone about 50 ships left.