The code of ethics focuses on the health professionals` morality towards themselves and patients based on the hospital protocolsas the code of ethics is set by hospitals to their professions (Ethics, 2010). Furthermore, the code of ethics displays responsibilities/rights of patients and justifies the morality/action of health professionals when ethical dilemmas arise (Ethics, 2010). However, Beauchamp and Childress in 1979 establish the universal four principles of medical ethics, which are autonomy, justice, beneficence and non-maleficence, and practitioners must consider them for medical procedures to be ethical (Lawson, 2011). These principles enhance the professionalisation process when practitioners respect patients` autonomy on the decision based on adequate information; act in justice of the beneficence and non-maleficence of patients (Lawson, 2011).
Therefore, to respect patients` autonomy, professionals have responsibility to ensure patients are able to inform consent based on disclosure of relevant information including both benefits and risks of either undergoing the procedure or not (Gunderman& Beckman, 2012). Additionally, informed consent protects professionals of the equation when unpleasant outcomes occur (Brink et al., 2012). To enhance the professionalisation process, professionals are required to carry procedures with high quality to benefit and create non-maleficence towards patients considering the individual circumstances of patients (Lawson, 2011). This is done by developing and updating professional knowledge and skills (Markides, 2011). Moreover, considering the different circumstances of patients; professionals should consider the principle of justice to treat patients in a similar manner. Therefore, applying the four principles of ethics can enhance the professionalisation process.
Select one document”, include it in the appendix and justify how it showcases your ability to be a professional” student practitioner
(For this Part I want you do the same paragraph but in new paraphrase as I will use same document for that one so write about the same Idea here)
At the start of the first block of the clinical placement, I struggled communicating with patients, as I was very quiet because English was my second language. Obviously, from the patients` facial expressions, this had a bad impact that made patients feel uncomfortable/anxious. Effective communication between patients and health professionals is important as it bring ease to patients and helps them understand the procedure that provides better outcomes (Markides, 2011). Moreover, different patients have different needs, so effective communications helps professionals to understand their needs (Markides, 2011). For instance, imaging trauma patients needs modification of usual imaging protocols. Reflecting on an experience with an old patient with an injured elbow, I tried to explain to her to extend her elbow however she could not understand. I knew my limitation here and I asked the supervisor for help. This action reflects a strong sense of responsibility and patient care. Later, the supervisor explained how I can effectively communicate with patients by showing patients the position, which the examination needs, and explaining how this would help the radiologist for better diagnoses. From this situation I have improved, becoming more confident in verbal and non-verbal (body language) communication with patients and demonstrating empathy and awareness of patients` needs, which shows aspects of professionalism. These improvements are shown in the final clinical assessment document attached in the appendix.
Week 2: Radiation Accountability and the Australian Health Care System
For this Part I want you find a different article but with similar Idea and write the same way as this one
The article Experiences of regional and rural people with cancer being treated with radiotherapy in a metropolitan center” discusses issues that rural patients with cancer face due to the limitation of specialist cancer practitioners in rural areas. The article explores travel and accommodation difficulties patients undergo when radiation treatment (RT) centres are located in the metropolitan. During the course of treatment, patients need emotional support from family/friends to be comfortable/confident, however, this is not the case for rural patients. By travelling to another area, they move to an unfamiliar environment resulting in stress. Additionally, side effects of radiotherapy become worse with travelling. Patients have responsibilities such as jobs/caring for children and traveling forces them to leave these responsibilities. Consequently, some patients prefer not to undergo the RT for these issues (Martin-McDonald et al., 2003).
According to the Cancer Voices NSW, rural and remote NSW patients with cancer, regardless of their financial circumstances, must have equal access to the best specialist treatment. Isolated Patients Transport & Accommodation Assistance Scheme (IPTAA) lessens the cost of travelling and accommodation during the treatment, establishing equity of access to facilities of treatment for rural patients (National health and Hospitals reform Commission, 2008).
However, this rule is ignored in some areas in NSW. In Gosford, only one private radiotherapy centre exists and most cancer patients have elected to not undertake radiotherapy because of costs. Another choice is to travel to Sydney for treatment. However, some patients cannot claim IPTAAS because the distance is less than 100km to Sydney. Thus, travelling cost will affect patients financially in addition to the issues discussed in the article (National health and Hospitals reform Commission, 2008).
In my opinion, the value of the health care is not only about assisting these patients finically. However, in addition to equal access to the treatment, patients have the right to get the appropriate outcomes after radiotherapy courses by having rest to minimise the side effects. This is not the case for rural patients as they suffer from travelling distance for the appropriate treatment (Martin-McDonald et al., 2003). They will face emotional stress of being away from family/friends and financial issues. To minimise these issues and create treatment benefits for cancer patients, providing accommodation for these patients is needed as travelling with side effect of radiotherapy is not safe (Martin-McDonald et al., 2003). An increase in availability of access to radiotherapy centers in rural areas is needed. This will create equity of access to standard levels of healthcare and treatment outcomes too.