understanding the universe essay

The oldest profession in the world is not what would be commonly accepted in society.

Before a woman had a chance to sell her body, people looked up at the stars and

wondered what they were. They made figures out of the shapes they made. As we

advanced through scientific research many other doors opened that allowed us to see what

it was the earth is existing in. Our constant need to explain what is happening comes from

our want to control. Knowledge is power, and nothing is more unexplained that the

universe. Time is interlocked and must be understood if we want to accomplish a deep

knowledge of the cosmos. Commonly it was thought that there was no such knowledge.

The author Stephen Hawking had shown many otherwise. His books give a deep history

and knowledge of how the universe exists. He also explains many others aspects of the

cosmos and puts his works in an understandable writing style.

He puts the largest accent on his studies of black holes. These are fascinating

happening and the way to understanding the universe and several others can be found

through the study of black holes. There are several features of black holes that makes

them incredibly fascinating. The first one would be the common misconception of how

noting can escape a black hole. This is true in most points. If nothing can escape them,

how does one detect a black hole? Stephen Hawking discovered a fascinating aspect using

anti-particle properties. He found that when matter is pulled into a black hole by gravity

matter is constantly being pulled apart. This causes the anti-parties of matter to be throw

away at incredible rates. This happens at consistent times. The large amount of gamma

radiation let off by this is how Mr. Hawking now finds black holes. Another interesting

concept of black holes is they are can be formed other ways than by the end of a star’s life.

Stephen Hawking and his associates found that any nuclear explosion can cause the birth

of a black hole. Hawking stated that is all the “heavy water”, a component used in nuclear

weapons, was used to create a nuclear explosion a black hole the size of earth would be

created. He also stated no one would be around to witness the creation. It would have

been caused by the implosion of earth at a massive rate and the amount of energy

produced by the nuclear explosion. This had me wondering. Stephen Hawking also stated

that is a black how small enough not to disturb the orbit of earth existed close enough to

earth that it’s power could be harnessed to produce huge amounts of energy. This made

me wonder if the same concept could be used, except with all the wastes materials on

earth. I do not know the exact physics of it all, but from Mr. Hawking explanations it

seemed like it might work. Black holes were also explained by Stephen Hawking as how

they transcended time. Apparently the massive gravitational pull creates a rip in the

space-time continuum. It is unknown what happens to matter when it is pulled into a black

time wise. All matter will be ejected into space eventually as the black hole loses itself.

The smaller a black hole, the more matter is ejected. It may be an odd happening, but

because of the larger black holes are harder to detect than smaller black holes. Mr.

Hawking stated of how if an astronaught gets pulled into a black hole the tidal forces

would stretch him into a long piece of spaghetti like person. However, his life would not

end in the black hole. Given enough time he would be eventually ejected into space as

particles. All matter in a black hole will eventually be lost into space. The smaller a black

hole is, the more matter is lost by the black hole. Stephen Hawking explained what is

thought to have happened to a black hole when all its matter is lost. The hole in the

space-time continuum would collapse and an explosion as massive as on of a supernova

would happen. It would leave the tear in time. I wondered when the explosion would

happen? Would it happen now, or ten to trillions of years from when it actually collapses.

The tear in time where would it exist? Until an actual black hole is found close enough to

us I suppose these questions will remain uninsured. Stephen Hawking explains many other

aspects of universal development in his books.

The “hot big bang” theory of how our universe was created is the commonly

accepted version of how our field of existence came to be. Stephen Hawking explains how

the eventual fall of this explanation of this theory is that the energy would be limited to the

heat of the single mass at the beginning. This would lead to an eventual massive cooling of

the universe and a lack of energy would be felt throughout space. It was also explained by

Stephen Hawking of how other universes exist in other areas. How can infinite be limited?

If our universe is infinite then how do other universes exist in other realms? It was also

said of if the big bang had not happened the exact way it did, we would not exist the way

we do now. In fact nothing would be the way it is now if the big bang would have been

cooler or if it’s expansion had not been as rapid or had slowed down by even the smallest

margin. Stephen Hawking explains this as a group of monkey’s pounding away at

keyboards. Most of what they will produce will be nothing but garbage and gibberish.

Once and a while though, they will create a masterpiece. What if our universe is the master

piece and all the others have just been garbage. Anthropology would have us think

different. It was a given example of who we can see ourselves as a rich man sees poverty

in his neighborhood. They never do. Just as a poor man hears about a booming economy,

he could say to himself “what booming economy?”. We see the universe because we are

who we are and where we are. That is the only reason we can question the facts of our

existence. Sometimes we answer questions that were never supposed to be address.

Space-time has always been in question. Time travel would give a mad unlimited

powers. He could act as a god, change the world the way he wanted. If the outcome did

not meet satisfaction, then travel back in time and re-work the problem until satisfaction.

If time travel is possible, how come no one from the future has given us the secrets to do

so. Is it because the future has not been acted out yet, or has it been and we are simply the

past and we are seeing it as the present? Time travel has been a long debated subject.

Once such debate is that of can it even be done. Many models of the big bang suggest yes

it can. The theory of relativity says that is cannot be done. The theory of relativity says

that “wormholes” do exist. Einstein called them bridges though. Stephen Hawking

explained wormholes as something that creates a bridge between two regions of space.

These wormholes are shorter than the actual distance between the two regions. Space can

be though of as a piece of paper being folder over and over itself. It could have many

layers to it. Wormholes might simply connect two regions of space that seem to be

millions upon millions of miles apart from each other. Going through a wormhole would

allow you to reach a point before you actually left. If you leave the wormhole to come

back you would come back to your point of origin before you actually left to go

anywhere. You would then be in your history. There is a lot of controversy over what

would happen to you at this point. Stephen Hawking gave many point: would you become

helpless as history took you over. You would have no control over what you did as you

would simply be acting out past that way it was supposed to be. Or would you be

completely independent in your actions. You could have control to a point. History could

rewrite itself to a point. Or would you have major repercussions upon history. If you did

travel through history why was is not written in before it happened. If one did travel

through space it would already be written in time of what happened. The example given

was what would happen if you travel back in time and killed your great-great grandfather.

This would cause a ripple in time. If this happened it would have been written in time and

you would go back in time and be unable to control yourself as you are just acting out

history as the way it is written. If you did kill your past relative you would end your life

yourself, thus making the even never happen. You still continue to exist though, so how

could you have killed him? The sheer thought of this is mind-boggling. It is a paradox of

what would happen. Maybe this is why we have not been told of how to build a time

machine. Our primitive ways and violent acts, why would we give ourselves this weapon

of infinite power? Another way of explaining time travel is that all things happen, just in

different time fields. A scientist named Richard Feynman stated that quantum theory is

simply a sum of the physics. All things happen, we simply do not expierivce them all. If

time travel was possible then it would be possible to go into a different “time slot” and see

things the way they could happen if different happenings did occur. Time travel is a

concept that should not be messed with and should not be taken lightly. If someone

traveled though time and infinite number of things could change just by the slightest

occurrence. Until we fully understand the repercussions, time travel should be understood,

Stephen Hawking is a well known professor at Cambridge University. He has

made many advances in the understandings of the cosmos, time, and the universe. I would

recommend his writings to anyone with an open mind and with a wanting to learn.

“A Brief History of Time” Stephen Hawking Bantam Books, November 1996

“Black Hole and Baby Universes” Stephen Hawking Cambridge Univ. Press, 1980

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